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A Simple Way To Installing PHP And Run Script Files On Windows

PHP and Composer On Windows

Here is a simple way to install the PHP and run the script files on Windows Environment. in the installation process we’ll use the Chocolatey Windows Package Manager which contain about 8785 free community maintained packages, that can be searched and listed here https://community.chocolatey.org/packages.

And we can do it as following…

Now Run Windows PowerShell as an Administrator by:
Press Win Key + R. so a small window will pop up as shown in the screenshot below

Windows Run

Type in the popup window powershell, then press Ctrl+Shift+Enter or press OK While hold Ctrl+Shift.

run windows powershell as admin

1- Install Chocolatey Windows Package Manager

In The PowerShell Run The Following Commands to install Chocolatey Windows Package Manager.
First check if the execution policies is not restricted on the PowerShell , by run Get-ExecutionPolicy command as shown:
Power Shell AllSigned

If not return AllSigned i.e. Restricted, so we’ll need to run the command Set-ExecutionPolicy AllSigned or Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process

To install the Chocolatey Package Manager  run the following command at the Powershell
Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Scope Process -Force; [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = [System.Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol -bor 3072; iex ((New-Object System.Net.WebClient).DownloadString('https://community.chocolatey.org/install.ps1'))
installing Chocolatey Windows Package Manager
And so, after the installation process successfully completed, go to installing PHP and Composer

2- Installation PHP Package

In the PowerShell we need to run the command choco install php
Installing PHP on Windows
PS C:\> choco install php
Chocolatey v0.11.3
Installing the following packages:
php
By installing, you accept licenses for the packages.
Progress: Downloading php 8.0.10... 100%

php v8.0.10 [Approved]
php package files install completed. Performing other installation steps.
The package php wants to run 'chocolateyInstall.ps1'.
Note: If you don't run this script, the installation will fail.
Note: To confirm automatically next time, use '-y' or consider:
choco feature enable -n allowGlobalConfirmation
Do you want to run the script?([Y]es/[A]ll - yes to all/[N]o/[P]rint): yes

Extracting 64-bit C:\ProgramData\chocolatey\lib\php\tools\php-8.0.10-nts-Win32-vs16-x64.zip to C:\tools\php80...
C:\tools\php80
PATH environment variable does not have C:\tools\php80 in it. Adding...
Creating default php.ini
Configuring PHP extensions directory
Please make sure you have CGI installed in IIS for local hosting
Environment Vars (like PATH) have changed. Close/reopen your shell to
 see the changes (or in powershell/cmd.exe just type `refreshenv`).
 The install of php was successful.
  Software installed to 'C:\tools\php80'

Chocolatey installed 1/1 packages.
 See the log for details (C:\ProgramData\chocolatey\logs\chocolatey.log).

The installation path is C:\tools\php80, and after installation successfully completed, the PHP command will be inserted to the Windows Environment Vars Path Automatically, so can run from any where any terminal.

3- Installation PHP Composer Package For Windows

To install PIP we need to run the command choco install composer
Installing PHP Composer On Windows

The Windows Environment Vars PATH will updated too, so you can use composer command in any terminal.

4- Run and Testing PHP Script File

Write a simple hello world script file in working test directory with name hello.php

     echo 'echo: Hello World!'; 

Then run the PHP script file using the command PHP with -f for file Parse and execute, as

 > php -f hello.php

Run PHP Command Windows
And to get the usage PHP version you can run php --version in the terminal.

PS C:\tools\test> php --version
PHP 8.0.10 (cli) (built: Aug 25 2021 08:46:14) ( NTS Visual C++ 2019 x64 )
Copyright (c) The PHP Group
Zend Engine v4.0.10, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies

5- Run And Test PHP Script file In Browser

And for live script testing we can using the PHP built-in web server, and starting a local lightweight server by run php -S localhost:[PORT] -t [DocumentDirectory]

 > php -S localhost:8888 -t c:\tools\test\

Run PHP build-in Server On Windows
As Shown, the document directory contain the file hello.php file with the code script to display the php information.

 phpinfo();

And it will be displayed the PHP info when browse to http://localhost:8888/hello.php

If you need help for installing Python, and PIP on Windows, Please go to the Post A Simple Way To Installing And Run Python And PIP On Windows.

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