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100 Percent CPU Utilization!? Know How To Simply Catch the Bad Boy’s IP Address

cpu utilization - IP Address

Many web Bots, Crawlers, Vulnerability Scanners, and Data Collectors go Bad. Ignore your robots.txt settings and skip the Crawler delay value, ie. crawl-delay: 60And at the end, that causes a High Load CPU Utilization issue, especially in a website with huge content.

Catch The Bad Boy's IP Address That Cause High CPU Utilization

Using Netstat you can list all IP Addresses connected to your server, then group them to know the most connected one.

# netstat -ntu | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n

The result will be a list of IP Addresses.. and beside each one will be the number of its connections. The output is a list like the below screenshot (from ServerFault)

Netstat output of IP connections that may cause CPU Utilization

Of course, if we found a high number of connections come from the same IP Address, It's probably the Bad Boy one we need to catch.

Nest step is to make a final check before we take action and block it.

We can check the IP Address sources using Whois and Lookup services like MYIP.MS, and IPLocation.

Firewall The Bad Boy's IP Address

After checking the IP address source:
If you found it:
– does not return to a well-known service OR  it returns to bots and services that you can Ignore and ban safely, directly apply the following iptable rule to block it:

# iptables -I INPUT -s [IP Address] -j REJECT

Catch DDoS and Flooding IP Address

The same technique can be used to detect DDoS and Flooding attacks, as we can refine our netstat command to catch the Bad Boy's flooding or DDOS trying.

# netstat -ntu | grep ESTAB | awk '{print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -n

To check on ESTABLISHED state connections instead of all connections, and displays the connections count for each IP, same with SYN_RECV state

If the outputs show one or more IP Addresses with a high number of connections, and if you run the same command again; and the same IP has more connections. so these IP is the one that makes the attack.

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